The main cause of periodontal disease is bacteria, which constantly forms on your teeth. When you have periodontal disease, the supporting tissue and bone around your teeth is destroyed, forming “pockets.” Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. These pockets are too deep to clean with daily at-home oral hygiene and professional hygiene care. As a result, these deep pockets gather even more bacteria, resulting in further bone and tissue loss. Without proper periodontal treatment(periodontitis treatment), too much bone is lost and the teeth need to be extracted.
If you’ve been diagnosed with periodontal (gum) disease, there are a variety of treatment options depending on the particulars of your situation, especially the severity of the problem. At Smilekraft Dentistry, we always start with the least or minimally invasive options, which are non-surgical periodontitis treatment. However, in more serious cases, surgery may be necessary.